Government Politics

A Power Check Amendment for the US Constitution via Article V

[Originally written in May, 2020, this proposal is even more relevant today with $3.5 Trillion bills that may be passed into law without proper review!]

If We the People could add just one amendment to the Constitution, what should it be?

What one amendment would restrain, continuously and simultaneously, the excesses of Congress, the Supreme Court, and the President?

What one amendment would shift the broad balance of powers back towards our state legislatures and away from the Federal leviathan?

What one amendment would be the most most difficult for the political donor/lobbyist/crony-capitalist cartel in Washington to ignore, escape, or pervert?

On December 5, 2015, in Tempe, the Arizona chapter of Convention of States held a seminar that broke into several working groups to answer questions like the ones above. The short Power Check amendment below is based on the output of one of those groups.


Amendment XXVIII [DRAFT]
An Amendment to Check the Power of the Federal Government

Section 1. 
The several state legislatures, by a three-fifths majority vote, shall have the power to:

(1) repeal, in whole or in part, any law passed by Congress,
(2) reduce any line item in any appropriations or other spending legislation,
(3) vacate, in whole or in part, any ruling of the Supreme Court or any inferior federal court,
(4) cancel, in whole or in part, any Presidential executive order or guideline,
(5) withdraw, in whole or in part, any regulation issued by any Federal agency or department.

Section 2. 
(1) In any action under this amendment, each state legislature shall have exactly one vote, and none of the actions shall be subject to federal judicial review.
(2) Each action shall become effective on the day that the three-fifths-majority requirement is met.


If We the People could successfully ratify an amendment like this, imagine how much more respectful and responsive Washington would have to be towards We the People, who, after all, must pay for everything Washington does.

For example —

  • Section 1, Clause 1:
    Egregious overreaches like Obamacare, Dodd-Frank, and Sarbanes-Oxley, that hurt working families and cripple free enterprise could be partially or fully repealed by We the People.
  • Section 1, Clause 2:
    Multi-thousand-page, multi-trillion-dollar spending bills, written in secret and passed at the 11th hour, could be struck down by We the People on a line-by-line basis at any time, eliminating “pork” provisions without incurring “government shutdown” blackmail. Abusive or failing federal departments or agencies could have their funding cut or eliminated altogether by We the People, with or without the concurrence of Congress, SCOTUS, or the president.
  • Section 1, Clause 3:
    We the People could vacate noxious SCOTUS rulings on social engineering and morality issues that We the People judge to be outside that court’s Constitutional responsibility.
  • Section 1, Clause 4:
    Executive orders, like the old Obama “pen and phone” orders on immigration, could be explicitly nullified by We the People.  
  • Section 1, Clause 5:
    Overreaches by EPA, HHS, FCC, BLM or any of the other 400+ federal regulatory agencies and departments could be struck down by We the People.

In 135 words, this Power Check Amendment or one like it would deliver a long-overdue attitude adjustment to Washington. Like a missile in a silo one wishes never to fire, its mere presence in the Constitution would force Congress, SCOTUS, and POTUS to look over their collective shoulders with every bill, ruling, or order they consider, knowing that We the People, through our state legislatures, could reverse virtually anything they do.

That is how it should be, and should have always been, in a government that is truly of, by, and for the people.

Going forward, an amendment like the one above would put real teeth into the Declaration of Independence phrase “deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.” Congress, POTUS, and SCOTUS would be mindful of needing that consent every day instead of just once every two, four, or six years at the ballot box.

Furthermore, and in particular —

As of May, 2020, we have an operating debt of over $28 Trillion and unfunded obligations of over $200 Trillion. And it’s growing exponentially! Clearly, the original checks and balances in our Constitution have proven insufficient for the federal government to control, on its own, its virtual addiction to power, spending, and entitlement promises that we taxpayers simply cannot underwrite. As with any out-of-control addiction, an explicit intervention is called for. We the People therefore must enlist our state legislatures to provide that intervention.

Every state legislator should welcome the responsibility and obligation to wield an amendment like the one above and/or those in Mark Levin’s Liberty Amendments on behalf of his or her constituents. Any legislator who does not should resign his seat to make room for another who will.

Now then —

Could we ever hope to get an amendment like the one above ratified? The short answer is YES. The process for it was placed in our original Constitution in Article V by the Framers who presciently foresaw the day when the central government would become overbearing and drunk on power, just as it has.

Most Americans are still unaware that the states can amend the US Constitution without the permission or approval of Congress, the Supreme Court, or the President. The particulars of Article V are well covered at web sites like and in Levin’s best-seller The Liberty Amendments.

Naturally, concerns about Article V have been voiced from the both the left and right. Those concerns are well-addressed at this link. A large part of the opposition centers around a theory that with free elections as leverage, the Constitution ought to work “as is” without modification. But it hasn’t, and it doesn’t. How much more proof do we need?

While surely necessary, free elections alone have obviously not been sufficient.

Many other potential amendments have been proposed via Article V.  Some are lengthy and complex, dealing narrowly with our national debt, including various emergency exceptions to ceilings on debt. Virtually all the proposals have merit, but in my opinion, the Power Check amendment is the broadest, simplest, and most universal solution to reining in the runaway federal government on all fronts — legislative, executive, and judicial.

Like the bank of circuit breakers that protect my house from an electrical overload, this amendment will stand guard continuously. For example, and in particular, it could be used when a House Speaker attempts to bulk up an emergency pandemic-relief bill with non-germane pork, hoping to hold We the People hostage to her wishes. Under Section 1, Clause 2, the Speaker’s pork provisions could be struck down on a line-by-line basis as soon as 30 states agree to do so without the need to wait for further legislation or the next election cycle.

Finally, the Power Check amendment is an emphatic affirmation that We the People are still in charge — not our politicians and Big Government’s all-too-often-drunk-with-power regulatory agency bureaucrats.

Time is short. If we do not use the authority left to us by the Framers in Article V, the sheer weight, power, cost, complexity, ineptitude, and corruption of the professional political/lobbyist/donor class in Washington will surely sink our country, and we’ll have no one to blame but ourselves.

For more on the topic of Article V, see the video below from, Alabama Chapter.

[Edited 1/17/2021]

By David Leeper

David Leeper is a retired engineer living in Scottsdale, AZ, with his (first) wife of 51 years. For 14 years he was a volunteer science teacher at and is now a volunteer reader for the visually impaired on a National Public Radio affiliate.

In David's fun-filled 40-year career, he held positions from lab technician to technical vice president at AT&T Bell Labs, Bellcore, Motorola, and Intel. He holds 16 US patents in telecom technology and a PhD in Electrical Engineering from the University of Pennsylvania.

During his career, David wrote mainly for technical journals, including Scientific American. Since 2011, he has written over 1000 political commentaries, mostly for the former Western Free Press and now for his personal site

9 replies on “A Power Check Amendment for the US Constitution via Article V”

And add some term limits to all offices to get new blood within and stave off the horrible actions that 40 year terms create by the insane pay to play people!

Agreed — term limits are definitely needed. The Framers considered it (I recall hearing) but decided it wasn’t really necessary since all would want to return to their farm or business as soon as possible. If they knew then what we know now, how politicians retire rich after ‘serving’ in DC, they’d have included those term limits for sure!

Another thing that needs to be amended is social security the members of all branches of government retroactively forfeit their lifelong payment for their absolutely absurd jobs they’ve done To we the people and put it back into the social security fund and they must participate in the social security program they set up for the rest of us furthermore any retirement pensions they’ve built up also is forfeited to the social security program and the government can no longer tap into the social security program for any reason other than what it is being funded for (elderly retirement anywhere between 62 and 65 years of age to be decided by the contributors) also no more lifelong paychecks period, this along with a four year term limit would insure the so called political class would have to get their lazy asses back in the work force just like the rest of society. Also no lobbyists allowed ever. Also everyone pays taxes when they purchase anything they buy no more loopholes everyone pays the same taxes weather your on welfare or a billionaire makes no difference period no more Internal Revenue Service.

Don’t need a Constitutional Convention to accomplish the objective of bringing the federal government under control: All it takes is a movement to demand that the States, or any one of them, declare the 17th Amendment null and void for want of ratification, thus requiring the States to be properly represented in the U.S. Senate. The 17th Amendment was illegally declared ratified in 1913 under a communist SecState by the name of William Jennings Bryan and a communist president by the name of Woodrow Wilson. Ratification did not occur because Article V of the Constitution SPECIFICALLY PROHIBITS any Amendment depriving States of their suffrage in the Senate without their Consent. Ten States withheld Consent, and some were even listed as having ratified it before the State had even gotten it into committee for consideration. Read Article V, specifically the last clause, providing that “no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its suffrage in the Senate.”

Good comment! A repeal of the 17th Amendment is on the list of potential amendments, as well as being prominent in Mark Levin’s book “The Liberty Amendments”. It would re-empower the states, who, after all created the federal government.

The Power Check Amendment in this article is directed squarely at re-empowering the states by forcing Congress, SCOTUS, and POTUS to be ever-mindful of the state legislatures’ authority to reverse virtually anything they do in Washington.

While state politicians are no less greedy, seedy, and corrupt than DC politicians, pitting these ‘gangs’ against one another follows the same principle the Founders used to divide power across Congress, POTUS, and SCOTUS.

As Milton Friedman once said (more or less): The challenge isn’t so much to ‘elect the right people’. The challenge is to make it politically profitable for the wrong people to do the right thing!

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