Economy Education Politics Society

Project 1623: When Socialism Lost, and Free Markets Won

[Originally published in June, 2020, this article has been updated to November, 2021]

In August, 2019, the New York Times began driving an ill-conceived propaganda campaign called Project 1619, when slavery first came to America in the Jamestown, Virginia colony.

It is that year, argued the Times, that defines our national character to this day — not the iconic 1776.

Despite scholarly debunking and some futile back-pedaling, The Times has already won a Pulitzer prize for 1619, so it joins the Times’  Holocaust-denial and Ukraine-Famine-denial reporting, both of which won Pulitzers and now live in journalism infamy forever.

Those mistakenly awarded prizes have never been recalled or returned.

So congratulations, New York Times — you did it again!

With their prize as a stamp of credibility, the Times and its willing dupes have been ramming this America-hating 1619 propaganda into K-12 and college curricula. Should We the People accept that?

Kudos(!) to parents across the country speaking up at school boards against the one-sided Project 1619 and the odious Critical Race Theory in their children’s curricula. And kudos especially to Christopher Rufo, who has led the resistance to the Left’s racialized neo-Marxist propaganda initiative.

As a counter-narrative, if educators want to go back four centuries in search of our national character, it is the Year 1623 that they should be featuring. It was in that year that the Pilgrims, starving and dying under socialism, abruptly switched to private property and free markets. That switch really did establish a national character because afterwards, the Pilgrims moved from starvation to prosperity, paid off their debts to their English sponsors, and established a national character that survives to this day despite the Left’s campaign to discredit and crush it over the past 100+ years.

It is that new national character that drew a massive migration to America — not the sad introduction of the fusty 10,000-year-old institution of slavery.

The Pilgrim experience of 1623 stands as the most authentic-ever, real-life, before-and-after comparison of socialism versus private property and free markets.

Socialism lost. Free markets won.

It is with this thought that I write this article with hope.

Namely —

I hope our American conservative media will develop our own positive Project 1623 counter-narrative to the one that the Times has been ramming into our media, schools, and our children’s minds. At a minimum, both narratives should be taught side-by-side in our schools.

And in the near term, as the Democrat Party slides ever-more-leftward toward socialism, racialized Marxism, and communism, it is the 1623 narrative that is far more relevant today for We the People.

The Project 1623 narrative:

In November, 1620, the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock. They promptly lost half their population to starvation, sickness, and exposure that first winter, and they fared little better the second winter. We were all taught that a Native American named Squanto taught the survivors to fish, plant corn, use fertilizer, and hunt deer. While mostly true, it is the lesser half of the story.

What most of us never learned (or glossed over) was that the original contract the Pilgrims brokered with their London sponsors required that everything the Pilgrims produced was to go into a common store, and every member was to be allotted one equal share. Further, all the land they cleared and all the buildings they constructed were to belong to the whole community rather than to any individual.

To those with visions of Utopia, this must have sounded like the ideal society. Free of outside evil influences from old England and Europe, private property and greed were to be banished. Everyone was to work hard for the common good. Each was to contribute all that one could and take out only what one needed. In modern terms, it was to be a kind of Bernie Sanders neo-Marxist paradise.

So how did it all work out for the Pilgrims?


In the two winters beginning in 1621 & 1622, a great many died from starvation, pneumonia, or both. Here are excerpts from Governor William Bradford’s own retrospective summary of the community’s experience with what we now variously call collectivism, socialism, or communism:

Wikimedia Commons Life+70 Public Domain

This community (so far as it was) was found to breed much confusion and discontent and retard much employment that would have been to their benefit and comfort.

For the young men, that were most able and fit for labour and service, did repine that they should spend their time and strength to work for other men’s wives and children without any recompense.

And for men’s wives to be commanded to do service for other men, as dressing their meat, washing their clothes, etc., they deemed it a kind of slavery, neither could many husbands well brook it.

Let none object this is men’s corruption, and nothing to the course itself. I answer, seeing all men have this corruption in them, God in His wisdom saw another course fitter for them.

In other words, said the Governor, it simply didn’t work, even when their very survival depended on it. Mankind’s inherent nature simply wouldn’t accommodate it, no matter how “ideal” it may have seemed to its proponents.

Simply put, Bradford had discovered that even the most idealistic of peoples have no reason to put in any extra effort without the motivation of personal incentives to do so.

Wisely, in April, 1623, Bradford abruptly abandoned socialism. Instead, he assigned a plot of land to each family, permitting them to keep everything they produced and to market anything they didn’t consume themselves. He actually harnessed all that supposed human ”greed” and put it to work in a free-market system of the type Milton Friedman was to espouse so eloquently in the 20th-century Free to Choose series of books and videos.

So … for the Pilgrims, how did free markets and private property work out for the same people in the same place under the same circumstances?


The Pilgrims soon had more food than they could eat or trade among themselves. They set up trading posts and exchanged goods with the Native Americans. They paid off their debts to their London sponsors and soon attracted a great European migration. Their new society still had its problems, but hunger was never again one of them.

As Bradford summarized the new approach:

The women now went willing into the field, and took their little ones with them to plant corn, while before they would allege weakness and inability, and to have compelled them would have been thought great tyranny and oppression.

This [new approach] had very good success, for it made all hands very industrious, so as much more corn was planted than otherwise would have been by any means the Governor or any other could use, and saved him a great deal of trouble, and gave far better content.

Most importantly for us today, Bradford wrote about the bitter lessons learned from the failure of original socialistic plan:

Let none argue that this is due to human failing rather than to this communistic plan of life in itself …

Note even circa 1630, when he began writing his notes, Bradford used the term “communistic.”

In modern times, when confronted with the undeniable historical record of socialism’s many failures, the Left usually argues that the “right people” weren’t in charge, and if only they had been, their utopian socialist vision would have succeeded. If Bradford could speak today, he would surely disagree based on the Pilgrims’ real-life experience. It wasn’t human failings that were the problem — the fault was in the communistic plan itself.

So …

Why isn’t this 1623 lesson featured up front, in neon lights, in American history classes? Why isn’t it the lead story of the Pilgrim experience? Why has the history even been falsified and its most important lesson ignored? Why has the New York Times overlooked it and focused on the 1619 introduction of slavery instead?

Perhaps it’s because the people who write our history textbooks still don’t want to believe it. Perhaps those authors still cling to the hope that some form of their beloved faculty-lounge utopian socialism, collectivism, Marxism, communism, progressivism, or whatever-ism will one day triumph over private property and free markets.

Unfortunately for all those stubborn Leftists, the historical record couldn’t be clearer. Milton Friedman famously made this point simply and poignantly in the 2-minute viral video at this link. Finally, this link leads to an explicit record of three countries that tried socialism with good intent and suffered horribly for it.

For American K-12 students, the Pilgrim experience should rightfully be Exhibit One in our classrooms as an uplifting 1623 Project counterpart to the Times’ desultory 1619 Project.

It is now 400 years since the landing at Plymouth Rock. As we cast our votes in 2022 and 2024, all Americans will do well to remember the hard-earned lessons learned by the Pilgrims about socialism versus free markets.


The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings;
the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries.
Winston Churchill


Afterword: I hope in my lifetime to see new children’s books, history books, some novels, a TV mini-series, and a movie or two devoted to the story of the Pilgrims’ real-life experience with socialism and free markets. Conservatives should demand at least equal time with the neo-Marxists who think their wretched ideology should rule in American K-12 schools and universities.

By David Leeper

David Leeper is a retired engineer living in Scottsdale, AZ, with his (first) wife of 51 years. For 14 years he was a volunteer science teacher at and is now a volunteer reader for the visually impaired on a National Public Radio affiliate.

In David's fun-filled 40-year career, he held positions from lab technician to technical vice president at AT&T Bell Labs, Bellcore, Motorola, and Intel. He holds 16 US patents in telecom technology and a PhD in Electrical Engineering from the University of Pennsylvania.

During his career, David wrote mainly for technical journals, including Scientific American. Since 2011, he has written over 1000 political commentaries, mostly for the former Western Free Press and now for his personal site

6 replies on “Project 1623: When Socialism Lost, and Free Markets Won”


It’s futile to work to restore a tar-bound dinosaur. State-run schools were clearly a failed experiment. For almost 50 years, homeschoolers have proven that the social, ethical and academic development of homeschooled children is superior to that of institutionalized children.
For most of history, crowned heads and the aristocracy knew that customized instruction under the direct oversight of parents is best.

Now, ironically, the plandemic hoax’s stay-home order caused the ranks of homeschoolers to swell from two million to 52 million for a few months. Millions of parents, themselves learning hard lessons about the damage that fascist central government can wreak, will not be sending their children back to Pharaoh’s conditioning centers. Homeschooling may mushroom this fall by as much as 100%!

Not only that, but normal Americans are growing weary of being led by media — even supposedly conservative media — into daily rounds of fear and loathing, constantly running from the latest idiocy or atrocity of the Marxists, jihadis, illegals, et al.

Therefore, We The People in the 31,000+ small towns across America, and in that massive expanse rural conservatism that ties those small towns together, are growing the first action network to actually enforce the stipulated terms and limitations of our highest law. Now in 187 counties and adding chapters weekly, it is called TACTICAL CIVICS™, developed by 39 volunteers (including four current and former engineers) over 60,000 hours of due diligence and R&D…

The plan of action, at a glance…
Intro video…
Free PDF book, ‘A Republic to Save’…

Even beyond all that, I’ve been self-employed and a business owner for most of the past 45 years, my grandchildren are second-generation homeschoolers, and I’ve been a law-abiding Nontaxpayer for 26 years, having sent (14) IRS thugs away empty-handed, out of (14) attempts, as I describe in the free PDF booklet ‘A Tax Honesty Primer’…

The fact is, American Communism, almost five generations old, is dying a messy, kicking, screaming death. But it is dying; Obama was the matching bookend to Lincoln (pen pal of Karl Marx, and the most falsely-portrayed, wrongly-lionized president in our history).

So you see, we are witnessing potentially the BEST period in 150 years of American history; it’s entirely up to We The People, ourselves. Our children will grow up only as intellectually and morally adept as WE raise them to be. And nothing like an electoral majority is required to restore our land. Half of 1% is optimal; as Ben Franklin told Lady Powell, “A Republic, Madam, if you can keep it” refers to our law enforcement duty, not the relatively weak tea of voting.


Thank you for the meaty, thoughtful comment. I need to read it again, several times, to get to all of it (including the links).

I can agree right away with the home-schooling theme. I’m a volunteer science workshop teacher at, and we teach Grade 4-8 kids from public, charter, private, and home-school setups. The home schoolers are consistently among the very best. They are the most mature, brightest, politest, and quickest learners. Of course they have the most parental involvement too, and I’m certain that’s the biggest difference between them and public school kids. We teach only science and avoid politics, but I would bet most of the home-school parents I meet are conservative. I’d love to know how they teach US History to these kids.

I attended only public schools, but I’m so old (73) that I got that schooling before the Left invaded and infested public education. I began encountering hard-Left teachers only when I reached college. I wish I’d kept my notes from my high school US History year … I think we did cover the success of free markets in the Plymouth Plantation, but we glossed over it.

I will never understand the appeal of the Left —

I’ll check some of the links you provided. Thanks, again …
(David Leeper)

I have a saying: “The tombstone of a civilization is laid at that point where truth is no longer defended because it cannot be known. Anger a righteous man with truth and you move him to righteous action; an unrighteous man, only to craven self-defense.”

If you doubt the truth about Lincoln, read any of the six books cited in this article. Don’t shoot the messenger; curse the propagandists who raised us like little Russians. Learn the truth; grow up!

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